In this week’s blog post we will be discussing the roles and responsibilities of the first aider. First Aid is defined as the “help given to the sick or injured until full medical treatment is available”.
The roles and responsibilities of the first aider include –
Protecting from Danger
- Assess the scene for dangers.
- Remove or minimise any dangers if possible.
- Remember to always put your own safety first, then protect others (this includes bystanders as well as the casualty).
Assessing the Situation
- Work out what has happened (events leading up to the incident).
- Count the number of casualties (the emergency service will need to know how many ambulances to deploy).
- Identify signs and symptoms.
- Ask bystanders for assistance.
- Decide what kind of help is needed, for example in case of a road traffic accident you may need all 3 emergency services!
- Call 999/112 if required (or ask a bystander to do it).
- Treat the most serious injuries first, in particular, casualties who are not breathing or who are bleeding catastrophically.
- Offer support and comfort to the injured, as well as family and friends of the casualties.
Minimising Infection Risks
- If possible, wash your hands before and after giving help.
- Wear disposal gloves, especially if you are likely to be coming into contact with bodily fluids such a blood, saliva or vomit.
- Cover your own cuts with a plaster to prevent cross-infection.
- If giving rescue breaths during CPR, use a face shield.
- Use sterile, in-date dressings.
- Dispose of any contaminated waste properly (soiled dressings should be put in a yellow or orange clinical waste bag and sent for incineration).
To remember the roles of a First Aider, remember the 3 Ps:
- Preserve life.
- Prevent worsening.
- Promote recovery.