Angina and Heart Attack

Angina and Heart Attack How to recognise and treat angina and heart attack. When to call 999/112 for angina and heart attack. First Aid blog by How 2 Save A Life. Welcome to our latest “How 2” blog article. This time we’ll be discussing angina and heart attack. Angina and heart attack share many of the same signs and symptoms. How can you tell the difference between angina and heart attack? How should you treat angina and heart attack? When should you call 999/112? Angina Angina is a condition normally caused by the build up of cholesterol on the inner lining … Read More

Fact Or Fiction? Put Something in the Mouth of Someone Having an Epileptic Seizure

Despite what many people still believe this is pure FICTION! The reason it was thought to be a good idea in the past was that it would stop the casualty from biting their tongue. However, by putting something in their mouth you could easily break the casualty’s teeth. Or the object might break, causing the casualty to choke on the pieces. The correct treatment is as follows: During the seizure  Move dangerous objects away from the casualty. Gently protect their head with a folded coat, blanket or your hands ndash; do not restrain their head or hold it too rigidly. Do not restrain the casualty’s … Read More

H2SAL Moving and Handling for First Aiders

Our 3-hour moving and handling course is ideally suited to first aiders, who may need to move their casualty. It is also good refresher training for caregivers, especially those working with clients who have a degree of functional mobility. The course covers basic moving and handling manoeuvres and introduces the first aider or caregiver to a variety of moving and handling equipment. Course Overview  Personal safety, health and dignity when moving a person. The Power Position. Functional mobility, Assisted Shuffle and Stand to Sit. Communication with the patient, verbal prompts, Flat Palm Hand. Assisted Walking. Wheelchairs and evacuation chairs. Transfer … Read More

3 Reasons to Take First Aid Annual Refresher Training

If you’re anything like us, you’ll know from experience that humans can be forgetful on occasion. This is especially true when the knowledge and skills that we’ve learned haven’t been used in a while. Much like learning a new language, if we don’t have to use it regularly in our day-to-day interactions, then slowly but surely, we will begin to forget. After a year we may have forgotten it altogether! Most first aid qualifications such as Emergency First Aid at Work and First Aid at Work are valid for 3 years. But does this necessarily mean that you should wait until … Read More

CPR/AED Survival Statistics

Less than 8% of people who have a heart attack outside the hospital survive. Brain death occurs in just 4 to 6 minutes. In many communities an Ambulance will take around 8 minutes to arrive. The difference an AED makes CPR, provided immediately after cardiac arrest, can raise a victims’s chance of survival up to 24%. However if an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is used within 3 minutes, survival rates increase to as high as 74%! That is why here at How 2 Save A Life, we’d like to see more AEDs in public places. We’re also encouraging businesses who have … Read More

Fact Or Fiction? Apply Heat to a Sprain or Strain

Despite what many people may think, this is actually FICTION! The reason for this, is that applying heat would actually cause the opposite of what you need it to do. This is because heat doesn’t reduce swelling rather it does the opposite and  increases swelling. The Correct Treatment  REST – The injury and discontinue the activity that caused it. Thus protecting it from further harm. ICE – Applying an ice pack can reduce pain and swelling. Remember though to place a damp towel or triangular bandage between the skin and the ice to prevent frostbite. Apply for a maximum of … Read More

How 2… Use Tourniquets and Haemostatic Dressings

Welcome to this month’s “How 2” article. This time we’ll be discussing how to use haemostatic dressings and tourniquets, and also why we might have to use them. Catastrophic Bleeding If someone is bleeding so quickly that they are likely to die in mere minutes (such as with a major arterial or venous bleed), it’s called a catastrophic bleed. As first aiders we use the DR ABC primary survey where Airway, Breathing and Circulation problems should be identified and treated in that order. With catastrophic bleeding however, the blood loss is so severe that it needs to take priority, so instead of using ABC, … Read More

What is Abdominal Evisceration and How is it Treated?

Abdominal Evisceration is when internal organs in the abdomen are displaced outside the body. This might occur during a traumatic road traffic accident, or following a puncture wound, causing a sudden eruption of abdominal contents. The intestines and other abdominal organs (the “vicsera”) are usually protected from air by the skin and surrounded by sterile body fluid. For these organs to survive they must remain covered and moist. Otherwise they can become contaminated, dry out, and die. So what should the First Aider do? Having asked a number of people – including First Aiders – how they would act in … Read More

How 2… Treat Poisoning

What is poisoning? A poison can be described as any substance that causes damage when it enters the body in sufficient quantity. A poison can can enter the body in 4 ways: Ingested – Takes 20-30 minutes to enter the bloodstream Absorbed – Takes 3-8 minutes to enter the bloodstream Inhaled – Takes 30 seconds to enter the bloodstream Injected – Enters the bloodstream almost immediately Poisons can be corrosive or non-corrosive Corrosive – Such as acids, bleach or ammonia Non-corrosive – Such as tablets, drugs, alcohol, plants or perfume Signs and symptoms of poisoning Vomiting Dizziness Breathing difficulties Rapid … Read More

Heat Exhaustion or Heat Stroke?

We often hear people getting heat exhaustion and heat stroke mixed up, or using the two terms interchangeably. Once we attended a casualty who was complaining they had “heat stroke” and needed a glass of water to cool down. However if, in fact, they were suffering from heat stroke, they would have been in an ambulance on the way to hospital! How the body maintains its temperature. The body works best when its temperature is around 37°C. This temperature is maintained by a part of the brain called the “hypothalamus”. When we get hot, the body produces sweat which evaporates … Read More