Manchester Arena Bombing – First Aid for Terrorist Attacks

Manchester Arena Bombing - Photo credit Peter Byrne/PA Wire

Manchester Arena Bombing Our sincere thoughts and prayers go out to the families and friends of those who lost loved ones in the Manchester Arena bombing last night. Also, to all those caught up in this terrible crime. We can only imagine how traumatic it must have been for those involved. Having read the news reports, and listened to a number of eye-witness accounts from the Manchester Arena bombing, we feel an obligation to offer the following first aid advice. Although terrorism and the destruction it causes is an emotive subject, it is nevertheless something we all need to be … Read More

Should You Remove a Motorcycle Helmet? – First Aid for Motorcyclists

Motorcycle Helmet

As a general rule, a motorcycle helmet is best left on until professional medical help arrives. Removing protective headgear incorrectly or without due care could result in head, neck or spinal injuries, even paralysis. However, this does not apply if the helmet is preventing the casualty from maintaining an open airway. Imagine this scenario: A first aider arrives at an accident involving a motorcyclist who is laid on the road but breathing normally. Should the first aider remove the motorcycle helmet? No! Instead, he should monitor the casualty’s airway and breathing. However, if the airway becomes obstructed, or the motorcyclist … Read More

Focal Onset Impaired Awareness – Automatism in Epilepsy

Focal Onset Impaired Awareness - Automatism in Epilepsy

Focal Onset Impaired Awareness – What is it? Focal Onset Impaired Awareness is a type of seizure that affects only a part of the brain – what we call a focal seizure rather than a generalised seizure which affects large areas of the brain. The result of this type of seizure is an impairment to the casualty’s level of awareness. Automatism – What is it? During Focal Onset Impaired Awareness, some casualties  may experience a condition known as Automatism . This is when the casualty carries out behavioural actions without being aware of what they are doing. Whilst in Automatism, the casualty … Read More

Fact or Fiction? A Defibrillator Restarts a “Flat-Lined” Heart

Actually, this one is FICTION. A defibrillator will not get a “flat- lined” heart going again. The clue is in the name. A defibrillator is designed to stop a heart fibrillating, or quivering. How Does It Help? During Cardiac Arrest, the heart may go into a condition known as Ventricular Fibrillation (VF). This is where one or two of the heart’s ventricles (lower chambers) stop contracting normally and begin fibrillating, or vobrating. This results in blood not being squeezed out of the heart to the lungs and/or body. A defibrillator is designed to STOP a ventricle from fibrillating. Rather than … Read More

How Decreased Sugar in Lucozade Will Affect the Treatment of Hypoglycaemia

Lucozade Original

Current first aid guidelines advise that first aiders should give adults 15-20g of glucose for the treatment of diabetic hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar). A popular source of this amount of glucose has always been 150ml of Lucozade Original. However, Lucozade Energy have recently announced that they will be lowering the sugar content in all of their flavoured drinks by more than 50% from April 2017. This means 150ml of Lucozade Original will no longer contain enough glucose to effectively treat hypoglycaemia in adults. Commencing in April 2017, any first aider who gives Lucozade Original to treat hypoglycaemia should aim to give 200ml. The same … Read More

Angina & Heart Attack – The Cause

Angina & Heart Attack - The Cause

What causes Angina? How about Heart Attack? Angina is caused by a narrowing of the coronary arteries, usually from a build-up of plaque from high cholesterol. This causes a rise in blood pressure and a decrease in the amount of oxygenated blood getting to the heart muscle. The result is chest pains, or Angina Pectoris (literally “Strangled Chest”). Angina can usually be treated effectively by means of rest, which decreases the pulse rate, and by the use of GTN medication which dilates the coronary arteries and lowers the blood pressure. In most cases, you will not need to call an … Read More

Plasters – Are You Allowed to Stock them in a Workplace First Aid Kit?


Imagine the scenario. An employee cuts her finger in the workplace and a colleague tries to obtain a plaster from the first aid kit but there are none. The employee asks a manager if they can restock them but she is told that due to health and safety reasons (ie. allergies) plasters are no longer supplied for the first aid kit. The employee later hears of other businesses that will not stock plasters in their first aid kits for similar reasons. In actuality, there is no health and safety regulation which bans the provision of plasters. In fact HSE’s own … Read More

How 2 Treat Asthma


Welcome to our latest “How 2” article. This time we will be discussing asthma.    What is Asthma? Asthma is an allergic reaction that causes the linings of the bronchioles in the lungs to becomes inflamed. This narrows the airway and may lead to an excess amount of mucus, clogging up the tubes. Inhalation and exhalation causes the mucus to “rattle” when the casualty breathes, resulting in wheezy, laboured breathing. An asthma attack can be triggered dust, pollen, smoke, exercise, stress, infection, types of animals and even the weather.  Most people who suffer with asthma carry medication with them in … Read More

Angina and Heart Attack

Heart Attack

Angina and Heart Attack How to recognise and treat angina and heart attack. When to call 999/112 for angina and heart attack. First Aid blog by How 2 Save A Life. Welcome to our latest “How 2” blog article. This time we’ll be discussing angina and heart attack. Angina and heart attack share many of the same signs and symptoms. How can you tell the difference between angina and heart attack? How should you treat angina and heart attack? When should you call 999/112? Angina Angina is a condition normally caused by the build up of cholesterol on the inner lining … Read More

Fact Or Fiction? Put Something in the Mouth of Someone Having an Epileptic Seizure


Despite what many people still believe this is pure FICTION! The reason it was thought to be a good idea in the past was that it would stop the casualty from biting their tongue. However, by putting something in their mouth you could easily break the casualty’s teeth. Or the object might break, causing the casualty to choke on the pieces. The correct treatment is as follows: During the seizure  Move dangerous objects away from the casualty. Gently protect their head with a folded coat, blanket or your hands ndash; do not restrain their head or hold it too rigidly. Do not restrain the casualty’s … Read More